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J Parathyr Dis. 2022;10: e11171.
doi: 10.34172/jpd.2022.11171
  Abstract View: 84
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Mini-Review

An updated mini-review on the impact of lithium therapy on the parathyroid glands function and structure

Sepideh Yadollahifarsani ORCID logo, Parisa Soleimani* ORCID logo

1 Nickan Research Institute, Isfahan, Iran.
*Corresponding Author: Corresponding author: Parisa Soleimani, Email: , Email: Psoleimani1000@gmail.com

Abstract

Bipolar disorders are among the most significant neuropsychiatric conditions, affecting many people annually worldwide. Despite being accepted as one of the most effective treatments for this illness, lithium, like any other medicine, is associated with a number of adverse effects. Lithium’s adverse effects are divided into acute and chronic categories. The acute effects include renal, thyroid, and parathyroid dysfunction and hypercalcemia, while the chronic effects involve parathyroid hyperplasia and adenoma, among others. This paper will discuss the physiopathology, prevalence, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of lithium’s adverse effects.

Please cite this paper as: Yadollahifarsani S, Soleimani P. An updated mini-review on the impact of lithium therapy on the parathyroid glands function and structure. J Parathyr Dis. 2022;10:e11171. doi:10.34172/jpd.2022.11171.
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Submitted: 23 Aug 2022
Accepted: 16 Oct 2022
ePublished: 19 Oct 2022
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