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J Parathyr Dis. 2023;11: e11182.
doi: 10.34172/jpd.2023.11182
  Abstract View: 44
  PDF Download: 43

Original

Goiter size changes as an indicator of response to treatment following selenium intake, and its correlation with goiter type

Saeed Kalbasi 1 ORCID logo, Hossein Mardanparvar 2 ORCID logo, Alireza Tajik 3* ORCID logo, Danial Khazaeian 4 ORCID logo, Ali Neyriz 4 ORCID logo, Faraneh Farsad 5 ORCID logo, Samaneh Ahmadi 3* ORCID logo

1 Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, School of Medicine, Loghman Hakim Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2 Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
3 Skull Base Research Center, School of Medicine, Loghman Hakim Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4 Department of General Surgery, School of Medicine, Shohada-E-Tajrish Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5 Department of Adult Rheumatology, School of Medicine, Loghman Hakim Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
*Corresponding Authors: Corresponding author: Alireza Tazik, Email: , Email: alireza.tajik0480@gmail.com; Corresponding authors: Samaneh Ahmadi, Email: , Email: ah.sa42@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Goiter is a common problem in the world; however, it is more prevalent in countries with iodine deficiency. Goiter has different etiologies while one of them is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Selenium is a trace element that has different important effects in the body. It has also some effects in the thyroid.

Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of selenium intake on goiter size and the correlation with goiter type.

Patients and Methods: In prospective observational study, 20 patients with Hashimoto’s goiter and 40 patients with non-Hashimoto’s goiter were evaluated for thyroid sizes. The nodule sizes were else evaluated. After the first evaluation, daily selenium supplement (200 mg) was prescribed for all patients for six months. After this time, the sizes of goiter and nodules were measured again.

Results: Results showed that the size of both goiter lobes in both Hashimoto’s and non-Hashimoto’s groups was significantly reduced before and after selenium intake (P<0.001). The reduction rate in left lobe size in patients with Hashimoto’s goiter was 50.73% and in nonHashimoto’s goiter patients was 20.89% (P<0.001). The reduction rate in right lobe size in patients with Hashimoto’s goiter was 53.37% and in non-Hashimoto’s goiter was 20.46 (P<0.001).

Conclusion: We conclude that administration of selenium is effective in reducing the size of the goiter.


Please cite this paper as: Kalbasi S, Mardanparvar H, Tajik A, Khazaeian D, Neyriz A, Farsad F, Ahmadi S. Goiter size changes as an indicator of response to treatment following selenium intake, and its correlation with goiter type. J Parathyr Dis. 2023;11:e11182. doi:10.34172/ jpd.2023.11182.
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Submitted: 26 Oct 2022
Accepted: 01 Jan 2023
ePublished: 07 Jan 2023
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